Trump’s gigantic advantage is also financial: 6 takeaways from the 2024 filings.

Donald J. Trump’s presidential campaign entered October with almost as much cash on hand for the Republican primary race as well as the rest of the field combined, underscoring the former president’s dominance as the contest enters a critical final stretch before the Iowa caucuses in January.

The financial picture, presented in quarterly fundraising and spending reports filed by the campaigns on Sunday, shows just how hard Mr. Trump’s opponents are struggling, with some appearing to be bleeding cash. Still, others were showing signs of momentum.

Cash is a vital measure of campaign health at this point in the race, as the next three months will be expensive. Candidates need to make an impression in the first states where voters will have their say: Iowa, New Hampshire, Nevada and South Carolina. For many, this means more travel, advertising and events.

Among the starkest revelations from Sunday’s filings was the state of the campaign of Gov. Ron DeSantis, who spent nearly every dollar he raised in the third quarter. Even after scaling back his campaign staff and making an aggressive fundraising push, his campaign entered October with unpaid bills and cash on hand that barely surpassed that of former Gov. Chris Christie of New Jersey.

There were also warning signs for former Vice President Mike Pence, whose campaign appeared to be running low on cash, and for Sen. Tim Scott of South Carolina, whose campaign spent more than double that, eating into a large war chest that had at the beginning of his campaign.

The requirements offer only partial insight into the candidate’s finances for 2024. Super PACs, which can raise and spend unlimited amounts, don’t have to release their next reports until Jan. 31. Similarly, joint fundraising committees, which several candidates use as their main fundraising platforms, were not required to file on Sunday.

Here are six takeaways from what the filings say about next year’s presidential and Senate elections.

Trump’s campaign committee reported receiving $24.5 million in the third quarter, which includes July, August and September. The vast majority of that money was transferred from the joint fundraising committee through which he primarily raises money.

The joint fundraising committee, Save America, was not required to file a quarterly report on Sunday, meaning detailed information on donors was not available. Trump’s campaign said it raised a total of $45.5 million in the third quarter.

According to the fine print on Save America’s website, 10 percent of each contribution goes to Trump’s super PAC, MAGA Inc., an entity that has paid his legal bills in the past.

The filing listed $37.5 million in cash, of which the campaign said $36 million could be spent on the primary.

On the surface, Mr. DeSantis, the Florida governor, appears to be having a decent quarter, raising $15 million between his campaign and the new joint fundraising committee, which filed a report in October alongside the campaign.

But his campaign reported only $5 million in cash for the primary, and listed more than $1 million in debt, which records show are outstanding accounts.

His campaign spent more than $11 million in the quarter, the records show, with significant sums spent on travel and transportation: at least $500,000 went to private airlines and $723,000 went to a limited liability company that his campaign used to pay its to travel earlier.

Mr. Scott’s campaign, which entered the third quarter with more than $21 million in cash — he transferred about $22 million from the Senate campaign fund when he entered the presidential race this year — reported raising $4.6 million.

His campaign entered October with $11.6 million in campaign cash and reported spending $12.4 million in the quarter, including $1.2 million on travel and at least $2.5 million online advertising. (As in the previous quarter, the vast majority of his spending was channeled through two limited liability companies, making it difficult to trace the final destination of the funds.)

Some of the candidates — notably Nikki Haley, the former United Nations ambassador and Mr. Christie – have gained fundraising momentum in the last three months, and have increased their cash by raising funds and running frugal campaigns.

Mr. Christie raised $3.8 million in the third quarter, more than double what he raised in the second quarter, likely reflecting an increase in the two debates. His campaign has increased its total cash from $1.5 million to $3.9 million, almost all of which is for primary use.

Ms. Haley’s campaign said she raised $11 million in political committees she controls — including more than 40,000 new donors. Her campaign filing on Sunday showed the campaign committee alone raised $8.24 million, including $1.7 million transferred from one of her other committees. The campaign spent $3.5 million in the quarter and entered October with $9.1 million to spend on the primary.

Mr. Pence’s campaign reported that it had just $1.2 million in cash at the end of the third quarter, a staggeringly low figure that includes money the campaign can’t touch in the primaries.

Mr. Pence’s campaign also reported $620,000 in debt.

The former vice president reported raising $3.3 million in the third quarter — an improvement from the second quarter, when he took in $1.2 million, and most likely a reflection of his strong performance in the first debate.

But his campaign also spent nearly $3.3 million in the last quarter.

President Biden’s re-election campaign remains the best-funded political machine, raising far more than any of his potential Republican challengers.

While all expectations are that presidential campaigns in the third quarter of the year before the election — filled with summer holidays that are often a dead zone for big money — will be less than in the second quarter of the year, Mr. Biden has raised nearly as much ($71.3 million) among his three fundraising vehicles as it did in the second quarter ($72 million).

The Biden campaign will be pleased with its performance among donors who gave less than $200. Those donors — who gave $15 million in the third quarter, up from $10 million in the previous reporting period — are important both because they serve as a key barometer of excitement and because campaigns can keep coming back to them for more money.

Just as Biden’s aides and allies insist his low poll numbers will improve once voters realize the general election will be a choice between him and Mr. Trump, there is an expectation in the campaign that the online money slot will be turbocharged to defeat Mr. Trump just as what was once Mr. Biden became the Democratic nominee in 2020. (She lags behind Trump’s pace at this point in the 2020 campaign.)

Mr. Biden and his campaign recently began a deliberate shift — made in the final days before the end of the third quarter of fundraising, which was no coincidence — to frame the campaign as a contest between the current and former presidents.

Democrats have a hostile Senate map in 2024, playing defense in several red states.

But in many Senate battlegrounds, Democrats appear to maintain a financial advantage — thanks in large part to the power of government.

Democratic senators hold seven of the eight House seats that both parties consider the most competitive this year, although Sen. Debbie Stabenow of Michigan has said she is not seeking re-election and Sen. Joe Manchin III of West Virginia has not announced his plans.

The one battleground seat not held by a Democrat is in Arizona, which is represented by Sen. Kyrsten Sinema, an independent who dropped her Democratic affiliation last year. Ms. Sinema, who has not yet announced whether she will run for re-election, has $10.7 million in the bank after raising $375,000 last quarter.

That fundraising total was less than half of what she raised in the previous quarter and a fraction of the $2.9 million raised in the third quarter of the year by Rep. Ruben Gallego, the top Democrat in the race. Mr. Gallego has raised $10.7 million since his campaign opened this year and has already spent most of that, leaving him with about $5 million in the bank.

On the Republican side, Mark Lamb, the sheriff of Pinal County, Arizona, raised about half a million dollars and spent about that much. He has just over $300,000 on hand. Kari Lake, who lost the Arizona governor’s race last year, launched her Senate campaign this month.

In Ohio, Sen. Sherrod Brown was one of the Democratic Party’s top fundraisers this year. His campaign took in $5.8 million in the last quarter, including transfers from other committees he controls, and now has $11.2 million in cash.

Sen. Tammy Baldwin of Wisconsin, a Democrat seeking her third term, raised $3.1 million for her campaign and entered October with $6.9 million.

Sen. Jacky Rosen, D-Nevada, raised $2.1 million and has $8.8 million in the bank. Her closest Republican challenger, Sam Brown, a retired Army captain, has raised $1.1 million and has about $938,000 on hand.

Additional reporting by Andrew Fischer.

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