For now, Oregon is trying and failing to eliminate daylight saving time

Oregon’s state Senate failed to advance a bill on Tuesday that would have ended daylight saving time in much of the state and shifted it to standard time year-round, the latest chapter in states’ efforts to agree on whether clocks should go back or not at all. they fly forward.

The bill proposes that part of the state in the Pacific Time Zone — almost the entire state, except for Malheur County, which is on Mountain Time — would end “the annual one-hour time change from standard time to daylight saving time. ”

The measure not entirely dead: The state Senate has sent the bill back to committee to be amended to ensure that, if it happens, Oregon won’t be the only state in the region to switch to permanent standard time.

Lawmakers in Oregon’s neighboring states have proposed similar legislation. In Idaho this week, a bill was introduced to get rid of daylight saving time, and a similar bill is before the California Assembly. In Washington State, a bill to end daylight saving time and return to permanent standard time failed last month.

“We’re leading the way,” Kim Thatcher, the Oregon bill’s sponsor, said on the state Senate floor this week before the bill’s failure. “I don’t think we’re going to be alone in this, but it might be a little weird at first, just know that.”

Oregon would be the first state on the West Coast to spend an entire year on standard time. Arizona (except the Navajo Nation) and Hawaii also observe standard time year-round. And in 2022, Mexico ended daylight saving time for most of the country, but made an exception for the area along the US border.

Daylight saving time has long been a subject of debate. Why do we change our watches at all? Is that still – excuse me – timely? And if we were if we stopped changing our clocks, would we freeze them to standard or daylight saving time?

Since 2007, daylight saving time has started in the United States on the second Sunday in March, when clocks go forward an hour, and ends on the first Sunday in November, when they go back. (Brace yourselves: This year the clocks go forward on March 10 and go back on November 3.)

The main idea behind daylight saving time was to move one hour of sunlight from early morning to evening so that people could use more daylight. Benjamin Franklin, while in France in the 18th century, is often credited as the first to suggest it.

Another argument in favor of the clock change, according to some, is that sunlight later in the day can save energy costs, but it was conflict studies about whether it really is. People don’t seem to be fans either: According to polls over the years, most Americans don’t like changing the clocks twice a year, and the days after the change can be a turbulent time for public health. Daylight saving time still has some supporters, especially among business advocates who argue it helps boost the economy.

The US Senate passed legislation in 2022 that would end the time changes and make daylight saving time permanent. The US House of Representatives has not yet taken up the measure.

That bill differs from Oregon’s proposal, which would have stopped the clock on standard time.

Scientists generally prefer a permanent switch to standard time (time in winter) instead of daylight saving time (time in summer).

“Our ability to sleep well, as we know from experience, is profoundly affected by light exposure,” Bill Grisar, an assistant professor at Portland State University, wrote in public testimony this month. He added that standard time is “best aligned with the natural circadian rhythms of our own brains and bodies, allowing us to wake up more days of the year in the sun.”

(In other words: in permanent daylight saving time, most people probably commute after dark, but in standard time, the sun probably rises around that time.)

American Academy of Sleep Medicine called for abolition daylight saving time in 2020, saying the changes, by disrupting the body’s natural clock, could cause an increased risk of stroke and cardiovascular events, and lead to more traffic accidents.

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